J&K graduates among front-runners in NITI Aayog’s SDG Index

Kashmir Magazine

Despite confronting challenges, Jammu and Kashmir has performed better than many states and Union Territories (UTs) in NITI Aayog's index of states on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The Index for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) evaluates progress of states and union territories on social, economic and environmental parameters. The third rendition of India”s SDG Index was launched by Niti Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar on Thursday.

The report reveals Jammu and Kashmir has even left states like Maharashtra, Telangana, West Bengal , others behind in the NITI index.

“J&K has improved its ranking in almost all sectors, its performance is excellent in the sectors like health, agricultural productions, education, renewal energy, providing civic amenities, enhancing forest cover, and ensuring gender equality during the last year,” NITI Aayog report reflects.

This positive stride towards achieving the targets is largely driven by exemplary country-wide performance in clean water and sanitation, and affordable and clean energy, the Niti Aayog said in a statement.

Health Sector performance improved

According to the Routine Immunization Programme Dashboard (Health Management Information System), during the period April 2019-March 2020, 91 percent of children in India in the age group of 9-11 months were fully immunized (One dose of BCG, 3 doses of DPT and OPV and one dose of Measles vaccine). The national target is to increase it to 100 percent. Jammu & Kashmir have achieved the target.

HIV incidence per 1,000 uninfected population is estimated to have declined from 0.07 in 2017 to 0.05 in 2019. Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh lead among the UTs with HIV incidence as low as 0.02 per 1,000 uninfected people.

In the year 2019, the mortality rate of children under the age group was 38 among 1,00,000 but this has now come down to 23. Furthermore, during the last one-year percentage of institutional deliveries has increased from 66.2 percent to 94.60 percent.

School drop-out cases decreased

In the year 2019, annual drop cases in the secondary level were 24.81 percent but these cases have come down to 17.81 percent during the last year. Furthermore, the pupil-teacher ratio at the secondary level is also improved to 12:1 in the Union Territory. 84 percent of schools in Jammu and Kashmir have electricity and drinking water facilities.


Improvement in male-female sex ratio

Like other parts of the country, J&K is also confronting the problem of the gap between male, female ratio. In the year sex ratio in J&K was 917 females per 1000 males. This ratio has improved to 927 females during the last year. Furthermore, crime against women also declined during the last year.


Leader among UTs in generating renewal power

India has one of the largest and most ambitious renewable capacity expansion programmes in the world. India has committed to an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) target of achieving 40 percent of its total electricity generation from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030, with an ambitious target of 450 GW from renewable sources. As of 2020, 36.37 percent of India’s total electricity generation is from renewable energy. With power generation close to 2.5 GW, Jammu and Kashmir leads the UTs in the generation of renewable power.


Forest cover increased to 39.66 percent

As per the Index report of NITI Aayog, forest cover has increased by 20 percent during the last year. As per the report, in the year 2019, the total forest area in J&K was 10.46 which has increased to 39.66 percent in the year 2020. A total of 42 forest types are found in the Union Territory of J&K which are the highest in the country and denote the diversity of forest ecosystems in J&K.

Launched in December 2018, the index has become the primary tool for monitoring progress on the SDGs in the country and has simultaneously fostered competition among the states and union territories by ranking them on the global goals. The index, developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India, measures the progress at the national and sub-national level in the country”s journey towards meeting the global goals and targets and has been successful as an advocacy tool to propagate the messages of sustainability, resilience, and partnerships, as well.