Internet and the social movements

Yasir Farooq Badana

Kashmir Magazine

The information age (also known as the computer Age, Digital Age, or New Media Age) is a historic period in the 21th Century characterized by the rapid shift from the traditional industry that the industrial Revolution brought through industrialization to an economy based on information technology. The onset of the information age is associated with digital revolution, just as the industrial revolution marked the onset of industrial age. The definition of what digital means (or what information means ) continues to change over times as new technological, user device methods interaction with other humans and devices enter the domin of research, development and market launch.
In this age of high-tech devices and methods approximately everyone is aware about the use of social networking sites and majority of peoples used the social media in this age. We have already seen many social changes in society after the launch of Social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, WhatsApp and many more. Every coin has two faces, social media also have it's two sides; Negative and Positive. We can use social media for our benefits but sometimes it may be harmful for us.
Online Communities build of social movements, enabling the connection of persons worldwide to develop a base and gain awareness to the cause. Online Social Movements gained momentum in the late 20th and Early 21st century as new generations sought social changes. With access to the internet and the fast growing World Wide Web(WWW), Online Social Movements brought awareness to the issues both Political and Social movements had been praised and criticised, the former for its ability to raise awareness to important causes, and the letter for its ability to perpetuate problems like 'Slacktivism'.
Although online activism has received criticism, it had real impacts on Social Movements.

If we talk about the Positive impacts of the online social movements we have lot of examples to praise it like Karela Flood Donations. Government of Karela CM's Distress Relief Fund had received the total amount of Rs. 1872 Cr. This huge amount is collected by the help of Social Media because by dint of social media everyone is aware about the disaster and with the help of e- banking each and every person send possible help to Kerla. Many Social Movements raise the cause such as institutionalised racism against African Americans with #Black_Lives_Matter movement and the inappropriate use of force by police authorities against black females such as with the #Say_Her_Name social movement.
Now, we have #Me_Too socail movement. #Me_Too spread viral in October 2017 as a hashtag used in social media in attempt to demonstrate and widerspread prevalence of sexual assault and harrassment especially in workplace. Many high profile cases were emerged after the popularaizition of #Me_Too movement.

Some experts believe there are potential weakness and long term resprussions that can be identified with social movements. Some example of Clicktivism and Slacktivism where the use of social media to promote a cause can include activities such as:
? Organising Protests.
? Online Parody and Stire.
? Facilitating Boycotts
The online movements was criticised heavily by the conservative news source 'The Blaze', saying that the online movement exacerbated feelings and injustices that ultimately led to looting and riots.
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